Annotations of journal №2 (2015)



The article deals with such significant gains of the industrial age, as
collective bargaining regulation, legislative consolidation of a number of
workers' rights, social security and social protection from the state, which
over the past two decades undergone significant erosion. In this regard, on the
one hand, it is noted formation of a new philosophy of  employment - freedom of choice, expanding the
boundaries of what is permitted, compression scale state intervention in social
and labor relations. On the other - a decisive transformation of these
relations, brought to life by informal practices, problems of deregulation.
Revealed new phenomena in the field of employment, which were characterized by
an increase in the number of fixed-term contracts concluded, leaving employers
on their social obligations. All this is accompanied by an increase prekariata,
i.e. disadvantaged, unformed, poorly organized workers. Its main determinants -
low wages, underemployment, non-standard employment contract. The author
defines the direction of minimizing the negative consequences of such  transformation of social and labor relations.


social and labor relations, prekariat, social exclusion, employment, employment
contract, wages



Abstract. This article discusses issues related to the
ratio of the various Christian denominations in the trade union movement.
Support for the trade union movement and the rationale for the trade unions
with the formulation of their goals, objectives and functions of the bishops
were made by one, but the largest Christian denomination - Catholicism.  Since 1891 a broad panorama of labor relations
in the world, the various aspects of their social significance exist  in  social encyclicals Popes. Unlike Catholicism,
other Christian denominations, such as the Orthodox or Protestant, the trade
union movement has not received practical development and theoretical basis.
Therefore, we must involve the Catholic trade unions talking about the
Christian trade Unions.

Keywords: Christian trade unions, trade union movement, labor relations,
labor market, confession, the employer.




Abstract. With the transition of Vietnam from a command economy to a
market economy with elements of state regulation in the economic policy of the
country there have been many changes in order to adapt to the global economy.
The changes affected monetary policy (CFP), which plays a particularly
important role. The State Bank of Vietnam has 
the exclusive right to control the monetary policy of the country for a
timely response to internal instability and external economic shocks and
smoothing crises. The author proves the key role of this financial institution
in the implementation of the credit and financial policy of the country,
considers the basic functions of the State Bank and gives a detailed analysis
of its impact on the instruments of monetary policy in Vietnam. The article
also analyzes the direct instruments of monetary policy, which  the State Bank  addresses in developing countries in a
situation of "overheating" of the economy: establishing the limits of
interest rates on deposits and loans and the credit limit of commercial banks.
The author concludes that the implementation of monetary policy by means of
instruments in the arsenal of the State Bank, it is necessary and significant
in today's economic environment.


Keywords: monetary policy, a credit institution, currency regulation,
the State Bank of Vietnam, required reserves, accounting policy, financial



Abstract. The author points not yet fully
conscious in policy and practice, the mismatch of theoretical ideas about
ethnic relations as the actual development of their carriers. In the scientific
literature and journalism are frequently identified concepts of varying degrees
of abstractness, for example, "people" and "nation",
referring to each other as General and Special. So, for example, not every
nation reaches the degree of maturity of the national entity, and some peoples
are still at the stage of development of tribal relations. There  is the improper identification of the concepts
of "ethnicity" and "nation", although with the help of the
concept of "ethnos" we differentiate national groups according to
their differences (language, territory of residence, characteristics of the
national psyche). Meanwhile, the concept of "nation", however, does
not mean the differentiation and integration of previously disparate peoples
into one nation.
Insufficient study of the theoretical and
methodological fundamentals of the interaction of the peoples of our country
contributes to the formation of public consciousness inadequate picture of
ethnic relations. This creates the possibility of a crisis in their
development, and  the collapse of the
USSR became a real geopolitical tragedy for our multinational country.

Keywords: ethnic relations, nation,
nationality, tribal relations, ethnicity, society, identity.



((было : SOURCE


Abstract. The author examines  a wide range of sources used in the study of
political processes in modern Ukraine.  He divides 
all the sources  into two large
blocks: a documentary and narrative . Each of these blocks in turn are subdivided
into several large groups with their inherent characteristics.
Documentary sources are divided into: the
official documents of public authorities, official documents of political
parties and associations, photographs and videos of separate events, the
materials of sociological researches, statistical information.  The narrative sources include memoirs and interviews in
the media of direct participants and key figures in these events, information
media, information and analytical publication media, advocacy publications,
biographies of political leaders and historical
descriptions of the formation of political parties and blocs.
As a rule,  the  documentary sources are  the most objective. Narrative sources  which are  interpreted  by  events participants or journalists, in varying
degrees, have characteristic of subjectivity, which requires from the
researcher a more critical approach to their study and use. At the same time
the most complete and holistic studies are obtained with critical use of all
source groups. The article also draws attention to the complexity of the access
to the individual with the Internet sources associated with the introduction of
Russian government censorship
restrictions in 2014. At the same time,
without familiarity with many trapped in the Russian ban Internet resources can
not seriously study the processes at the Ukrainian nationalist wing political
organizations. The author gives advice to researchers on possible ways of
overcoming censorship through travel abroad, outside censored by the Russian
authorities of the Internet space, and use in Russia proxy servers.
Keywords: documentary sources, narrative
sources, the political elite, the opposition, the statistical error, censorship,
exit poll, proxy server, subjectivism.



Abstract. Article is devoted to the stability of the system of social
insurance, which is the most important form of social protection of workers in
a market economy. The authors, recognizing the importance of demographic change
as a factor imbalance in this system, point to the many economic factors of finance
as the social security system as a whole, and pension insurance in particular.
Pointing to the crucial role of intra-factors, they justify extreme importance
to the financial budget the balance pension insurance system  and wage differentiation.

The paper assesses the pension reform entered into force since
01.01.2015 year,  the main aim of which
was to reduce the dependence of pension insurance system from the federal
budget. The paper stated that the modest results achieved by the implementation
of the declared objectives did not require reform of the pension system, the
more that the achievement of other goals - increasing pensions, also does not
look convincing.

The main work is to validate a number of proposals, which are able to
reverse the demographic and economic factors of financial imbalances of social
insurance system.

A complex approach to this system
recommended by authors will not only
generate more fully sources of insurance coverage, but also improve the social
insurance in the direction of greater flexibility of the insurance for the
employees, as well as to attract them to the partial  regulation.


Keywords: system of social security, wages, insurance rates, pensions,
income differentiation, unemployment, term survival.




The article deals with the place and role of trade unions in the life of  Russian society in the conditions when a
radical change as related to ownership of the means of production and ideology
and economic environment. This idea was  sounded during the IX Congress of  FITUR, held February 7-9, 2015 in the city of
Sochi. In this regard, it is noted that today's trade unions are not always
able to really defend the rights and interests of workers.  The author  grounded  the new approaches  in the organization of trade union
organizations in terms of their mediating role in the relationship of  business and the employee, and state workers.
At the same time it draws attention to the fact that their mediation capacity
is realized in accordance with the regulations of the Russian Federation in a
number of areas, including the activities of the Russian tripartite commission
on regulation of social and labor relations. The article discusses the concept
of mediation, its definition, the role of mediator in resolving disputes and
conflicts, the principles of mediation. The necessity of detail and clarify the
role of trade unions in solving pressing problems of Russian society. And
concludes that the achievement of the principles of mediation in the public
dialogue true for government agencies that need to be considered trade unions
as a platform and tool of defending the interests of workers.


trade unions, the government, the state, civil society organizations, social
and labor relations, the business community, social institutions.


Abstract. Article is dedicated to one of the most
pressing issues of our time - prevention technologies ethnic, interethnic and
religious conflicts. Their aggravation is largely due to changes in the life of
our country after the collapse of the Soviet Union - political, social and
economic, resulting in the socialization of young people has become largely
spontaneous. The crisis of the post-Soviet society confirmed that relations
between different ethnic and religious groups in terms of socio-economic instability
were very vulnerable sphere of human relations.

The article analyzes the institutional characteristics
of interethnic  phobias among the youth
and identifies  their causes. We also
consider the impact on the state of  Russian
society inoetnichnoy large-scale migration, natural growth in
migrant-generating. The author concludes that the development of stereotypes
and phobias among young people undermines the national security of the state,
as young people become a tool for the manipulation of political forces in
pursuit of the goal of separatism, weakening of social and administrative
institutions of the state.

According to the author, the prevention of social
evils, xenophobia, ethnic and religious intolerance, opposition to them is
impossible without targeted  large-scale
cultural and educational activity. Considered in this paper projects provide an
opportunity to mobilize the energies of young people to send it to the right,
which is useful for the country's direction. They allow young people to take a
proactive stance, which implies protection of the rights of any person,
regardless of their ethnicity, religion, place of birth, and, most importantly,
actively discourage intolerance as unacceptable in a modern civilized society.

Keywords: ethnic conflict, multicultural environment,
etnoksenofobiya, migrantophobia, multiculturalism, separatism.




Abstract. The author examines the impact of the
amendments to the legislative framework for the activities of microfinance
institutions and improve the quality of their retail loan portfolio of
innovation data.

The analysis of standard and legal base of
microfinancial activity is carried out and the conclusion about confirmation of
legitimacy of IFI from the legal and
political point of view is drawn. Subjects microfinance has recently become
more and more important, especially during the macroeconomic imbalances.
Vulnerability of a banking system in crisis and post-crisis time leaves the
free road for non-bank institutions, such as the microfinancial organizations,
consumer cooperatives, pawnshops. These organizations have economic
"safety cushion" using higher interest rates and during instability
of economy they remain in the market on the strong positions. The
microfinancial activity  is not
interchangeable, and complemented to bank. Clients with negative credit history
can receive a microloan, pay it, without violating the terms of the contract of
a loan and by that to improve the credit history. After repayment of the second
or third loan a client is on bank would 
approach  the conditions  on receiving a credit card, and then for a
loan. The author emphasizes the dependence of increase of security of the
microfinancial market  to participate  in strengthening the legal base of the
regulator, represented by the Central Bank, and other government bodies. Also
there is a consideration of possible ways of development of the  microfinance market  and help leverage  of the  administrative structures for formation of
healthy business in this sphere.


Keywords: MFI loan portfolio, microloan, non-bank
lending sector, the system of taxation, interest rate risk, credit risk,
financial market, non-profit association.



Abstract.  In the first of two planned to publish
articles of authors on the subject on a broad statistical data demonstrated the
problems of monitoring and increase the value of the "human factor"
in various social processes taking place in contemporary Russia.



In the first of two articles of authors
planned to the publication on this subject on wide statistical material
problems of monitoring and growth of value of "a human factor" in
various social processes going in modern Russia are shown. It is shown that
imbalance of volumes and profiles of training of specialists with requirements
of labor market caused the necessity of basic changes in management of
professionalizing. In spite of the fact that for the last 25 years importance
of this problem and need of its decision was noted, only in recent years in the
Russian Federation structural registration of management of professionalizing in
line with world trends is begun. In new social and economic conditions from
education systems considerable changes in the organization of educational
process, standards and approaches to an assessment of quality of education, in
interaction with key partners in the course of formation of the competences
necessary for effective professional activity and the employers meeting real
requirements are required. Therefore now development of professional standards
became the main mechanism of rapprochement of requirements of employers with
opportunities of high school community. The original matrix of factors on the
basis of which integrated criteria of an assessment of effective management of
professionalizing are created is brought to attention of readers. It is shown
that use quantitative, and not just qualitative is quite possible, indicators
which being ordered, reduced in integrated indexes, will allow to compare
effective management of professionalizing, comparing situations on different
branches, the same organizations, the temporary periods, etc.


Keywords: human
factor, research development, ratings, market of educational services, labor
market, professionalizing of experts.




Abstract. This article discusses issues relating to the legal basis of
the settlement of collective labor disputes in Mongolia and the Russian
Federation. In this context, the author 
gives a comparison of  legal norms
of Mongolia and the Russian Federation regulating the procedure for resolving
collective labor disputes, identifies similarities on many issues, spelled out
in the legislation of the two countries, and the differences on a number of
details. The article discuses   the
procedure for resolving collective labor disputes - all stages of
reconciliation and the strike as a result of failing to consent of the parties
during the consideration and resolution of collective labor dispute. The author
also aims to analyze the existing legal acts in Mongolia and the Russian
Federation, resulting in the opinion of experts, the International Labour
Organization on the issues that it is important for the overall assessment of
the situation with the regulation of collective labor disputes in Mongolia and
the Russian Federation. The comparison of the legislation of Mongolia and the
Russian Federation on the settlement of collective labor disputes shows that
there is a similarity between them on most issues. Russian legislation on the
procedure for resolving collective labor disputes seems fairly complete,
mature, relevant international standards, although this does not mean that it
will not be amended. With regard to the law of Mongolia on collective labor
disputes, it is more concise, contains the most important for today's practice
provisions, which reflect both the main international standards relating to
resolve such disputes, and regulations in the Labor Code of the Russian
Federation. This article contains some suggestions for further improvement of
legislation considered by Mongolia and the Russian Federation.

Keywords: collective labor dispute, labor market, conciliation
commission, social partnership, labor arbitration, the strike.



Abstract. The article describes the procedure for accounting and
taxation costs of the commercial organization of information security of
computer systems, as well as tax rules acquisition costs of IT security.

The author particularly focuses on the fact that the formation of the
information security system can be used both commercially available and newly
developed software, hardware, combined and cryptographic protection of
information, which should have a certificate of compliance for the protection
of information obtained in the corresponding certification systems ( FSTEC
Russia, the Russian FSB, the Russian Defense Ministry). In this case, the order
of accounting and taxation should match the content of the economic life of the
organization , including measures to ensure information security through the
use of various software and hardware methods, tools and techniques, for
example, means of identification and authentication, data encryption, firewall

The article deals with the tax rules cost
of creating complex information security for computer systems of any scale,
complexity and configuration (computers, computer systems or networks).

The author comes to the conclusion that in
accounting upgrading your computer if newly acquired hardware and software
information security exercises functioning on the basis of the available
computer in the organization, as a qualitative improvement of the original
accepted indicators of its operation.


Keywords: information technology, software, means of information
protection, information network, information security, intangible assets,
intellectual property rights, the licensor, the licensee.





Abstract. The article deals with the legislative and institutional
measures taken by Albania in the context of the country's accession to the UN
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2006. The inclusive
nature of the human rights obligations of Albania and place them in the
Convention, 2006. The authors studied in detail the work that preceded the
ratification of the Convention, held at the national level in order to bring
the Albanian legislation with the provisions of the Convention and the creation
of institutional prerequisites for the implementation of this agreement and
aimed primarily at strengthening social support for people with disabilities,
their involvement in public life, reducing discrimination against this group of
people, etc.  The article analyzes the
main strategic documents and regulatory measures adopted in Albania, as well as
the regulatory framework and the most important activities of state bodies and
institutions in this sphere (both new and pre-existing, but reformed), the role
of universal and regional intergovernmental and national non-governmental
organizations in protecting the rights of persons with disabilities in Albania.
It is shown major challenges that  people
with disabilities continue to face, summarized the main violations of the
Convention in 2006, remaining in the country. It is analyzed the last bill on
the protection of persons with disabilities, under consideration of Parliament in
2014. The authors proposed specific measures to improve the effective
implementation of the Convention in law and practice in Albania. Notes the role
that can be played people with disabilities themselves and their organizations,
as well as highlights the importance of an effective monitoring system at the
national level.


Keywords: international law, human rights, persons with disabilities,
disabled, implementation of international treaties, Albania.




Abstract. Article is devoted to the 110th anniversary of the trade union
movement in Russia and the 25th anniversary of the Federation of Independent
Trade Unions of Russia. The article provides a brief overview of the social
protection system in Russia and the role of the trade union movement in this
process. Factors affecting the formation and functioning of the social security
system of the population in different historical periods are presented in the
article. The  article discusses content
of the concept of social risk to the employee, 
mechanisms to protect the worker from these risks. The work covers three
important historical period. The first period is from the end of XIIIV century
to the beginning of the socialist revolution in 1917 year, in which  the trade union movement and the social
security system was originated. The second period of the development of these
two systems is shown in terms of building a socialist state from 1917 to 1991
in a unique situation where  the state
functions of the control system of social protection was delegated to the
public union organization . The third period shows the transformation of the
social security system and the labor movement in a market economy. During this
period the management of the system of social protection of the population
returned to the state. However, the influence of trade unions in the
development of this system is saved through the Institute of the Russian trilateral
commission for regulation of social and labor relations. Article demonstrates
the role of trade unions in the development of the social protection system as
an example of compulsory social insurance in different historical periods to
the present day, which forms a complete picture of the understanding of the
indivisibility and interdependence of these two systems.


Keywords: union, social protection, compulsory social insurance, social
risk, social security, social assistance, mutual aid societies, hospital cash
insurance, insurance associations, the pension system, the state compulsory
pension insurance, mandatory health insurance.




Abstract: The article describes the main provisions of international
acts and acts of the European Union governing the rights of employees in case
of insolvency of the employer. Highlights protection mechanisms are recommended
in these acts for introduction into national legislation. Author discusses
features to protect the rights of employees in case of insolvency of employers
in the Federal Republic of Germany. It is analyzed the provision of the German
Federal legislation in the sphere of guarantees of payment of wages to
employees when the company  declares bankrupt.
The article specified categories of employees subject to obligations under the
payment of wages and the period of its benefits,  goals, features of formation, as well as the
specifics of the insurance guarantee Fund in Germany. The author  sets out the procedure for the calculation of
contributions to the insurance guarantee Fund and the terms of payment,
specific provisions of the tariff agreements relating to payment of wages to
employees in case of bankruptcy of the employer, payments compensation of
employees when their conversion to reduced working hours at the employer's
insolvency and declaring bankruptcy. The article characterizes  the other mechanisms of protection of rights
of employees in case of bankruptcy of the employer, used in some German
companies, in particular, the establishment and operation of voluntary
insurance funds. The article highlights the main problems of  legal protection of workers ' rights in case
of bankruptcy of the employer in the Russian Federation. The article analyzes
the major provisions of the draft law on compulsory insurance of employees in
case of insolvency of the employer, deficiencies and controversial aspects of
the bill. The article presents analysis of its provisions relating to
problematic aspects of determining the amount of insurance contribution, and
the authority of the governing body warranty insurance Fund. It is stated
opinions of Russian employers and trade unions on this bill. The author suggests  the use of the separate legal mechanisms used
in Germany to ensure the rights of employees in case of bankruptcy of the
employer in the legislation of the Russian Federation.


Keywords: bankruptcy, insolvency, guarantee Fund, insurance tariff, insurance
benefits, compensation, voluntary insurance funds.